There have been people throughout the planet, wandering in search of a new home as they’ve been forced out of their native countries or territories. One person is forcibly displaced every two seconds due to persecution or discrimination of some kind. Take a moment to think about it, a person would have been displaced by now. These people are on the run with their families and children and fighting for the basic right to survival. The number of people migrating from different parts of the world has increased dramatically in the past decade. António Guterres, the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees said in the report that the world is entering an era “in which the scale of global forced displacement, as well as the response required, is now clearly dwarfing anything seen before.”
According to UNHCR, 70.8 million people on the planet have been forced to abandon their homeland in which 25.9 million are refugees with half of that under the age of 18. Adding to this, millions are denied basic rights of education, freedom of speech, employment, and healthcare. This indicates that the right to live is no longer applied either. These people are only accepted in a country if they carry the ‘necessary’ paperwork with them, otherwise, they’re denied entry inside the respective nation. It seems like to really ‘exist’ one needs to exist on paper first and then he or she is qualified as a valid human being, the working minds and bodies are questionable.
CHALLENGES FACED BY COUNTRIES ACCEPTING IMMIGRANTS
DEPENDENCE ON PAPERWORK
During the immigration process, most of the refugees do not have proper documentation due to various reasons like their home country not providing any legal document, or them being lost on the way, and so on. Lack of proper documentation makes it harder for any country to accept their immigration, and further makes it hard to keep a record of the number of refugees who migrated to their country. This also encourages illegal or unofficial immigration in some countries that leads to further problems.
What countries do not understand is that when one is forced out of his or her nation, there’s no time to take their precious belongings along with them. They have to leave everything in the house to survive and avoid the possibility of causing themselves and their families any kind of harm.
LACK OF ACCESS TO BASIC RIGHTS
All humans have the basic right to live, to education, to healthcare, to employment to survive, and exist in the world. Refugees on the other hand are at first forced out, and secondly denied citizenship in various nations and hence the basic rights. The majority of the refugees are youth which creates even more problems since young people want to be heard and want jobs etc.
LACK OF PROPER HEALTHCARE FACILITIES
Since refugees do not have proper documentation, they do not have their medical history with them which makes it harder for them to receive the proper treatment from the doctors in the new country. This can hamper their health and can cause further problems.
LACK OF PROFESSIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR YOUTH
Young people’s existing qualifications are not recognized in the new country which creates a deadlock in their attempt to have a successful professional career. There’s a lack of opportunities for them to have a successful career and earn a living. Given that the majority of the refugees are youth, this can be a massive issue in the future for countries that accept immigration as the majority of the workforce will be either unemployed or be denied the right to employment which will create a divide.
To tackle such major problems, we need to implement emerging technologies in the refugee crisis to make the process for immigration efficient as well as ensure that migrants are treated equally and all their rights are protected.
We believe that technology is the center for solving various problems on the planet. It should be used to make applications that make the lives of people easier and hence make the world a better place to live in. Keeping our vision in mind, our team came up with a project to solve the refugee crisis using blockchain technology. We developed an app called ‘Signy’ that helps in keeping a decentralized digital record of identification of the refugees and also helps countries track the refugee count in real-time to avoid any illegal immigration activities and hence make the process transparent. Refugees can have their entire record on blockchain through a single ID, from their name, age, height to their health data, and credit rating in an easily accessible manner for the immigration authorities to make the process quick and transparent. The data cannot be hacked into, or lost as it’s not on paper, but stored on the blockchain.
There’s a large amount of fee when it comes to migration and refugees having left everything in their neighboring country do not have cash. By tokenizing their assets, refugees can make payments easily for instance in the form of cryptocurrencies. This can further help them have the economic security to find a new home, get a job, and establish themselves after immigration.
Since all their records will be on blockchain, their medical records will be easily accessible to the doctors and hence they’ll receive the best of healthcare and avoid any other issues. The right to healthcare is fully taken care of for the refugees.
All documents of their previous educational qualifications will be uploaded on blockchain making it easy for the youth refugees to apply for the jobs of their liking thus making sure their right to employment.
The answer to solving the problems of today, one of which is the ever-rising refugee crisis lies in new and emerging technologies like blockchain and various companies moving towards developing more and more applications in this space. Only building applications won’t solve the problem alone. Countries need to realize their importance and implement these technologies in their frameworks on the ground.